Patents can generally be described as the right granted to an inventor by a State, or by regional office acting for several States, which allows the inventor to exclude anyone else from commercially exploiting his invention for a limited period, usually 20 years.
The Procedure for Patent Applications:
Petition or request with applicants full name and address
A specification which include applicants claim or claims in duplicate
Plans or drawings in duplicate
A declaration signed Power of Attorney
Applicants address for service in country/region of filing
Other matters as may be required by the Registrar of Patents
Subsequently the Patent application, dependent on jurisdiction may or may not be, subjected to an examination process conducted by the Registrar of Patents.
Grant of Patent
Once satisfied that the Patent application is in conformity with all statutory requirements the Registrar issues a document which states:
The relevant number
Name and domicile of the Patentee
Dates of the patent application and grant
Title of the invention and the period of its validity
Number and date of application where priority is claimed
Where appropriate name and address of true inventor
Copy of specifications and a copy of relevant drawings and plans if any
After the grant of the Patent the Registrar enters the particulars of the grant in the Register and causes to be entered a Notification of the grant.
Rights Conferred by the Grant
The right to preclude any other from doing the following:
In the case of a product patent, the right to prevent third parties without the owner’s consent from making, using, offering for sale, selling or importing for these purposes the product.
In the case of a process patent, the right to prevent third parties without the owner’s consent from using the process; and to prevent third parties from using, offering for sale, selling or importing for these purposes the products which were obtained directly by that process.
GRF PATENT SERVICES
Filing and prosecuting of patent applications or entering National Phase of PCT applications.
Attending to recording of Assignment, Merger, Change of Name or Address.